[kleo_gap size=”50px”]


COP22, Marrakech, November 2016

[kleo_gap size=”50px”]


The Negotiations Guide and the Summary for Policymakers: Essential Francophone publications to share the necessary knowledge and to allow national delegations and each one to have a detailed analysis and means of action

The Francophone Institute for Sustainable Development (IFDD), a subsidiary body of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF), is working to improve understanding and understanding of the issues and challenges of climate change negotiations. Publishes a Negotiations Guide, which is also the subject of a Summary for Policymakers (see the Negotiations Guide). These documents are widely disseminated upstream of each Conference in digital format and during printed conferences. For several years they have been translated into English to meet the demands of English-speaking countries and partners, because such detailed reference documents do not exist beyond the French-speaking world at the moment.

At the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, these documents were prepared by ENERGIES 2050 for the Institute of La Francophonie for Sustainable Development (IFDD).

ENERGIES 2050 has provided editorial direction, co-ordination and is one of the principal authors of the Negotiations Guide and Summary for Decision Makers. These documents provide readers with a history of the negotiations and present an analysis of the various issues to be negotiated in Marrakesh as well as an overview of the Conference’s expectations and a wealth of useful information in the form of the technical sheets.

Go to our page dedicated to CoP22

Extract from the OIF/IFDD website

The reality of climate change is unanimously shared. However, despite the international negotiations, it is clear that the progress made in recent decades has remained too modest in view of the many challenges that remain and the urgency to act. Scientific analyzes reveal progressive disturbances and an overall rise in temperature over the last two centuries, at a rate that has accelerated in recent decades. These are mainly caused by the greenhouse gas emissions associated with our consumption and production patterns, with consequences already irreversible.

The agreement reached in Paris in December 2015 on the occasion of the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is of crucial importance in the process of Negotiations. As a result of a dynamic begun in 2011, with the launch of the Ad Hoc Working Group of the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action, whose main mandate was to reach an agreement for 2015, the Paris Universal commitment of States in the fight against climate change. While respecting the national realities and the founding principle of shared but differentiated responsibility of the UNFCCC, the Agreement reaffirms the necessary strengthening of the ambition and the measures to be taken for the development of our societies on low carbon, resilient and solidarity. However, even if it is announced as officially binding, the challenge of implementation remains unresolved and the next steps are just as important to turn vision and collective ambition into reality on the ground.

The success of the Marrakech Conference is therefore just as crucial as the establishment of the first universal agreement on climate and the process of entry into force now completed, making it legally binding. The international community has met an important first challenge, but it remains to operationalize the objectives, confronting the challenges of implementation.

To help participants better understand the challenges of COP22, this guide provides a detailed analysis of COP21 and a deciphering of the Paris Agreement (Part I). Issues related to the Permanent Subsidiary Bodies are presented (Part II), prior to a discussion of the major issues under discussion, which are at the core of CoP22 (Part III). Boxes supplemented by teaching diagrams and thematic sheets provide the reader with all the keys to understanding the negotiations. Although this book is particularly intended for negotiators from member countries of La Francophonie, it is also a useful tool for all other participants.

Negotiations, while remaining within the competence of the signatory states to the UNFCCC, will not succeed without the mobilization of each. The time of the collective is the order of the day and Marrakech, announced as the Conference of the implementation, must transform the test.

This document has been prepared by ENERGIES 2050 on behalf of the IFDD and does not necessarily represent the views of either of these organizations or of the Presidency of the COP22.

This document is updated on the basis of the information available on 5 October 2016.

COP22 – Summary for policymakers

COP22 –  Guide to the negotiations

association ENERGIES 2050 Building with us the opportunities of tomorrow