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ENERGIES 2050 Notes

Understanding International Climate Negotiations

Organization of the UNFCCC and negotiating history

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This note is intended to provide readers with a better understanding of international climate negotiations. In a synthetic and pedagogical way, this note will present the organization of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. It will then recall the main stages in the history of international climate negotiations leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement, the first universal agreement on climate, following the 21st Conference of the Parties (CoP21) to The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held in Paris in 2015.

More generally, it should also be recalled that, if the negotiations are carried out at a high political level, they nevertheless impact all the forces of the countries and, ultimately, the citizens. The purpose of this note is therefore also to inform and encourage everyone, as a “stakeholder”, to become aware of the collective dynamics and their capacity to act.

This companion note, International Partnership on Climate, A Guide for Citizens, produced by ENERGIES 2050 in partnership with the Institute for La Francophonie for Sustainable Development (IFDD), a subsidiary body of the International Organization of La Francophonie Up of the 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Marrakesh. To consult this document: https://energies2050.org/guides-for-action-2-international-climate-negotiations/?lang=en


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