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GUIDES TO ACT #3

Sustainable Development Goals

Presentation

At the 22nd Conference of the Parties (CoP22) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which will take place from 7 to 18 November 2016 in Marrakech, ENERGIES 2050 is pleased to inform you of the publication of the ” Sustainable Development: A Guide for Citizens “.

This Guide is intended as a new stone for the construction of the collective edifice of the knowledge of each one as an indispensable preamble to the action.

Our world is confronted with the limits of its development model, as evidenced by the repeated crises our societies face, whether environmental, energy, social or economic. These crises are exacerbated by the consequences of climate change whose anthropogenic origin is no longer in doubt. Our consumption and production patterns as well as our energy models, which are heavily dependent on fossil fuels, are the main causes of this, and the current organization of our societies generates imbalances at all levels that can not be sustained over the long term.

Everyone will have understood that time is no longer a matter of advocacy, but of concrete action to initiate a profound and radical change in our modes of functioning. Beyond the process of international negotiations, it is clear that the advances made in recent decades have remained very modest in comparison with the many challenges posed. 2015, in this context, was a pivotal year marked in particular by the adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015 in the fight against climate change and by the adoption of the Sustainable Development Objectives (SDOs) in September 2015 by the United Nations. These new development objectives will follow the post-2015 Millennium Development Goals.

SDGs aim to provide a holistic response to the issues we are collectively facing as we live in a developed, developing or emerging country. The 17 objectives are complementary and cover a wide range of areas. However, the success of this great collective dynamic can not be achieved without the involvement of all citizens and stakeholders and without a profound change in our consumption and production patterns.

The aim of this pedagogical guide is therefore to inform the citizen about the international process and the dynamics in progress. It is also about raising awareness of sustainable development issues and finally giving them the keys to move towards more sustainable and supportive behaviors and lifestyles.

The Guide for Citizens first presents the context in which the Sustainable Development Goals were developed in response to the main economic, social and environmental issues facing our societies. The major concepts of international environmental law and sustainable development are also presented. Secondly, a history of the key dates of negotiations, from the first international negotiations in the 1970s to the post-Rio + 20 and the adoption of the SDGs, is set out. A retrospective of the international climate negotiations is also presented, with an assessment of the progress of the Paris Agreement signed in 2015 and the expectations related to the 2016 COP 22 expected to be the “Implementation Conference”. Finally, the implementation program adopted by the international community and each SDO is decrypted by means of fact sheets, including contextual elements and targets. These sheets can be read independently of the rest of the document, according to the priorities and the interest of each one.

The Guide to Sustainable Development: A Guide for Citizens is part of the Guides for Action collection launched in Marrakech at the opening of the 22nd Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP 22).

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