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Challenges and opportunities of territorialisation of CDNs in Africa

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The purpose of this report is to highlight the challenges of resilient and low carbon territorial development in Africa in the context of the climate strategies defined by States under the Paris Agreement. The analysis aims to highlight the needs and opportunities for cities and other local authorities to fully play their role as indispensable partners for states to take action in the implementation of specific contributions at national level. national.

This report is based on an analysis of the abundant academic and technical literature available on the subject as well as the practical experiences gained by United Cities and Local Governments of Africa (UCLG Africa) and ENERGIES 2050 in Africa. This report is not intended to be exhaustive or to go into the technical details of the areas covered. It sets out to put into perspective the importance of cities and territories in the context of international climate negotiations, especially for the implementation of the resulting objectives, in order to take into account in a transversal way the key elements necessary for “Territorialisation of CDNs” in Africa.

This report is organized around two chapters. The first aims to provide an overview of the issues of the territorialization of NDCs on the continent, highlighting the challenges faced by cities and other sub-national African authorities and placing their role in the broader context of international negotiations. on climate change under the auspices of the UNFCCC. The place and role of cities, and more generally local governments, in climate negotiations are analyzed, as well as the urban content of NDCs in African countries. The second chapter is more “operational”. It identifies and analyzes five critical and complementary points for the implementation of a territorial strategy that can be climate-compatible and able to meet the objectives of the NDCs: governance, knowledge and awareness, the implementation of strategies integrated, financing and monitoring and reporting systems (and / or evaluation – MNV1 / M & E2).

Finally, this report emphasizes the existing window of opportunity for African communities to engage in CDN processes in order to fundamentally redefine their business models, and to promote sustainable economic and social development strategies that are both sustainable and sustainable. low carbon and which best meet the development challenges of their territories.

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